Ċina

stat sovran fl-Asja tal-Lvant

Iċ-Ċina (En-us-China.ogg ˈtʃaɪnə ),uffiċjalment ir-Repubblika Popolari taċ-Ċina (RPĊ), hi stat sovran li Tinsabu fl-Asja tal-Lvant. Il-pajjiż huwa l-aktar popolat tad-dinja, b' popolazzjoni ta' aktar minn 1.35 biljun. Ir-RPĊ hija stat Stat partit-singolari rregolata mill-Partit Komunist, bis-sede tal-gvern fil-belt kapitali ta' Bejġing.[7] Hija teżerċita ġurisdizzjoni fuq aktar minn 22 provinċji, ħamsa reġjuni awtonomi, erba' muniċipalitajiet ikkontrollati diretti (Bejġing, Tianjin, Shanghai, u Chongqing), u żewġ reġjuni amministrattivi speċjali awto-governanti (Ħong Kong u Makaw).[8] Ir-RPĊ issostni wkoll lit-Tajwan – li hija kkontrollata mir-Repubblika taċ-Ċina (RTĊ), entità politika separata – li hija t-23 provinċja, talba kontroversjali minħabba l-kumpless status politiku tat-Tajwan u l-Gwerra Ċivili Ċiniża mhux solvuta.

Repubblika Popolari taċ-Ċina
Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó
Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó – Bandiera Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó – Emblema
Innu nazzjonali: "Yìyǒngjūn Jìnxíngqǔ"
"March of the Volunteers"
Marċ tal-Voluntiera

People's Republic of China (orthographic projection).svg
Żona kkontrollata mir-Repubblika Popolari taċ-Ċina murija bl-aħdar skur; reġjuni ddikjarati iżda mhux ikkontrollati murija bl-aħdar ċar.
Belt kapitaliBejġing
39°55′N 116°23′E / 39.917°N 116.383°E / 39.917; 116.383
L-ikbar belt Shanghai[1]
Lingwi uffiċjali Ċiniż Standard
Gvern Stat soċjalist partit-singolari
 -  President Xi Jinping
 -  Premier Li Keqiang
 -  Ċermen tal-Kungress Zhang Dejiang
 -  Ċermen tal-Konferenza Yu Zhengsheng
Stabbiliment
 -  Unifikazzjoni taċ-Ċina taħt id-dinastija Qin 221 QK 
 -  Repubblika stabbilita 1 ta' Jannar 1912 
 -  Repubblika Popolari proklamata 1 ta' Ottubru 1949 
Erja
 -  Total 9,706,961 km2 (3)
3,747,879 mil kwadru 
 -  Ilma (%) 2.8
Popolazzjoni
 -  stima tal-2010 1,353,821,000[3][4] (1)
 -  ċensiment tal-2010 1,339,724,852[2] 
 -  Densità 139.6/km2 (81)
363.3/mili kwadri
PGD (PSX) stima tal-2012
 -  Total $8.227 triljun[5] (2)
 -  Per capita $6,075[5] (90)
PGD (nominali) stima tal-2013
 -  Total $12.405 triljun[5] (2)
 -  Per capita $9,161[5] (91)
IŻU (2013) Increase 0.699[6] (medju) (101)
Valuta Renminbi (yuan) (¥) (AED)
Żona tal-ħin Ħin Standard taċ-Ċina (UTC+8)
Kodiċi telefoniku +86
TLD tal-internet .cn

ReferenziImmodifika

  1. ^ Chan, Kam Wing (2007). "Misconceptions and Complexities in the Study of China's Cities: Definitions, Statistics, and Implications". Eurasian Geography and Economics (bl-Ingliż). 48 (4): 383–412. doi:10.2747/1538-7216.48.4.383.
  2. ^ "Communiqué of the National Bureau of Statistics of People's Republic of China on Major Figures of the 2010 Population Census". National Bureau of Statistics of China (bl-Ingliż). 2011-04-28. Arkivjat minn l-oriġinal fl-2011-06-11. Miġbur 2011-11-01.
  3. ^ "China's Total Population and Structural Changes in 2011". National Bureau of Statistics of China (bl-Ingliż). 2012-02-20. Arkivjat minn l-oriġinal fl-2012-06-18. Miġbur 2012-08-14.
  4. ^ "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects, World Economic Outlook Database". International Monetary Fund (bl-Ingliż). 2012. Arkivjat minn l-oriġinal fl-2013-01-17. Miġbur 2013-01-03.
  5. ^ a b c d "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects, World Economic Outlook Database". International Monetary Fund (bl-Ingliż). 2013. Arkivjat minn l-oriġinal fl-2013-07-13. Miġbur 2013-04-17.
  6. ^ Statistical Annex - Human Development Report 2013 (PDF) (Rapport) (bl-Ingliż). United Nations Development Programme. 2013. Arkivjat minn l-oriġinal (PDF) fl-2013-03-19.
  7. ^ Walton, Greg; International Centre for Human Rights and Democratic Development (2001). China's golden shield: Corporations and the development of surveillance technology in the People's Republic of China (bl-Ingliż). Rights & Democracy. p. 5. ISBN 978-2-922084-42-9.
  8. ^ "Joint Declaration of the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the People's Republic of China on the Question of Hong Kong" (bl-Ingliż). 1984.