Differenza bejn ir-reviżjonijiet ta' "Enċiklopedija"

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(Maħluqa bit-traduzzjoni tal-paġna "Encyclopedia")
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Tag: 2017 source edit
 
== Etimoloġija ==
{{Quote box|Indeed, the purpose of an encyclopedia is to collect knowledge disseminated around the globe; to set forth its general system to the men with whom we live, and transmit it to those who will come after us, so that the work of preceding centuries will not become useless to the centuries to come; and so that our offspring, becoming better instructed, will at the same time become more virtuous and happy, and that we should not die without having rendered a service to the human race in the future years to come.|[[Denis Diderot|Diderot]]<ref>Denis Diderot and Jean le Rond d'Alembert [http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=did;cc=did;idno=did2222.0000.004;rgn=main;view=text ''Encyclopédie.''] University of Michigan Library:Scholarly Publishing Office and DLXS. Retrieved on: November 17, 2007</ref>|width=40%}}
 
=== Żewġ kelmiet Griegi mifhuma ħażin bħala waħda ===
Il-kelma ''enċiklopedija'' ( ''encyclo'' | ''pedia'' ) ġejja mill-Grieg Koine ἐγκύκλιος παιδεία,<ref>[http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A2007.01.0060%3Abook%3D1%3Achapter%3D10%3Asection%3D1 Ἐγκύκλιος παιδεία], Quintilian, ''Institutio Oratoria'', 1.10.1, Perseus Project</ref> magħruf ukoll bħala Grieg Bibliku, transliterat bħala ''enkyklios paedia,'' li tfisser "edukazzjoni ġenerali" mill ''enkyklios'' (ἐγκύκλιος), li jfisser "ċirkolari, rikurrenti, meħtieġa regolarment, ġenerali" <ref>[http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3De%29gku%2Fklios ἐγκύκλιος], Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, ''A Greek–English Lexicon'', Perseus Project</ref> u ''paedia'' (παιδεία), li tfisser "edukazzjoni, trobbija ta' tfal"; flimkien, il-frażi litteralment tittraduċi bħala "istruzzjoni sħiħa" jew "għarfien sħiħ".<ref>[http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3Dpaidei%2Fa παιδεία], Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, ''A Greek–English Lexicon'', Perseus Project</ref> Madankollu, iż-żewġ kelmiet separati tnaqqsu għal kelma waħda minħabba żball skribali minn kopjisti ta' edizzjoni manuskritta [[Lingwa Latina|Latina]] ta' [[Quintillian]] fl-1470.<ref>{{Ċita ktieb|ISBN=9780226260709}}</ref> Il-kopjisti ħadu din il-frażi bħala kelma Griega waħda, ''enkyklopaedia'', bl-istess tifsira, u din il-kelma Griega falza saret il-kelma Latina l-Ġdida "encyclopaedia", li minnha ġiet il-kelma bl-Ingliż u lingwi oħra nkluż il-Malti. Minħabba din il-kelma magħquda, il-qarrejja tas-seklu ħmistax u dawk li ġew warajhom, spiss u b’mod żbaljat, ħasbu li l-awturi Rumani Quintillian u Pliny iddeskrivew ġeneru antik.<ref>{{Ċita ktieb|ISBN=978-1-107-03823-3}}</ref>
 
=== Użu kontemporanju ===
Bil-Malti, il-kelma enċiklopedija tintuża komunament mingħajr varjanti ortografiċi. Bl-Ingliż, il-kelma hija l-iktar komunement miktuba ''encyclopedia'', għalkemm ''encyclopaedia'' (minn ''encyclopædia'' ) tintuża wkoll fl-Ingliż Brittaniku.<ref name="Oxford English Dictionary">{{Ċita web|url=http://www.oed.com/view/Entry/61848?redirectedFrom=encyclopaedia#eid|format=online}}</ref>
 
== Karatteristiċi ==