John Butler Yeats

pittur Irlandiż

John Butler Yeats (16 ta' Marzu 1839 – 3 ta' Frar 1922) kien artist Irlandiż u missier William Butler Yeats, Lily Yeats, Elizabeth Corbett "Lolly" Yeats u Jack B. Yeats. In-National Gallery of Ireland għandha numru ta’ ritratti tiegħu biż-żejt u xogħlijiet fuq il-karta, inkluż wieħed mir-ritratti tiegħu ta’ ibnu William, impitter fl-1900.[1] Ir-ritratt tiegħu ta' John O'Leary (1904) huwa meqjus bħala l-kapulavur tiegħu.

John Butler Yeats
John Butler Yeats, by John Butler Yeats.jpg
Ħajja
Twelid Banbridge (en) Translate, 16 Marzu 1839
Nazzjonalità Irlanda
Mewt Chestertown (en) Translate, 3 Frar 1922
Familja
Missier William Butler Yeats
Omm Jane Grace Corbet
Konjuga/i Susan Pollexfen (en) Translate
Ulied
Aħwa
Edukazzjoni
Alma mater Trinity College Dublin (en) Translate
Lingwi Ingliż
Okkupazzjoni
Okkupazzjoni pittur
Moviment artistiku ritratt

KarrieraEdit

Yeats twieled f’Lawrencetown, belt ta’ Tullylish, County Down. Il-ġenituri tiegħu kienu William Butler Yeats (1806-1862) u Jane Grace Corbert; John Butler Yeats kien l-ikbar minn disa' ulied. Edukat fit-Trinity College Dublin u membru tas-Soċjetà Filosofika tal-Università, John Butler Yeats beda l-karriera tiegħu bħala avukat u ħadem ma’ Isaac Butt qabel ma beda jpitter fl-1867 u studja fil-Heatherley School of Fine Art . Ftit li xejn m'hemm iddokumentat dwar il-bejgħ tiegħu, allura m'hemm l-ebda katalgu tax-xogħol tiegħu f'kollezzjonijiet privati. Huwa possibbli li wħud mix-xogħlijiet bikrin tiegħu setgħu nħarqu fit-Tieni Gwerra Dinjija. Huwa ma kellu l-ebda diffikultà jikseb kummissjonijiet; dan jidher ċar mit-tpinġijiet u l-pitturi biż-żejt tiegħu li jinstabu fi djar privati fl-Irlanda, l-Ingilterra u l-Amerika. L-aħħar ritratti tiegħu juru sensittività kbira għas-suġġett tagħhom. Madankollu, huwa ma kellux sens ta' negozju u qatt ma kien finanzjarjament stabbli matul ħajtu. Huwa spiss biddel fejn joqgħod u ċċaqlaq diversi drabi bejn l-Ingilterra u l-Irlanda.

Fl-1907, fl-età ta’ 68 sena, huwa vvjaġġa lejn New York abbord l-RMS Campania , ma’ bintu Lily, u qatt ma reġa' lura lejn l-Irlanda. F'Ottubru 1909 huwa mar jgħix fid-dar immexxija mis-sorijiet Petitpas li kienet tinsab fi 317 West 29th Street. Fi New York, kellu ħbiberija mal-membri tal-iskola tal-pitturi Ashcan. Huwa miet fid-dar tas-sorijiet fit-3 ta' Frar 1922. Edmund Quinn għamel maskra tal-mewt fuqu u din issa tinsab fil-kollezzjoni tal-Yeats Society f'Sligo. John Butler Yeats jinsab midfun fiċ-Ċimiterju Rurali ta' Chestertown f’Chestertown, New York, ħdejn il-ħabiba tiegħu, Jeanne Robert Foster.

FamiljaEdit

Yeats iżżeweġ lil Susan Pollexfen (13 ta' Lulju 1841 – 3 ta' Jannar 1900) fl-10 ta' Settembru 1863 fil-Knisja ta' San Ġwann, Sligo. Susan Yeats kienet iddiżappuntata ħafna meta żewġha abbanduna l-istudju tal-liġi biex isir artist.[2] Susan hija deskritta bħala "figura dellija" li "sfortunatament, iġennet bil-mod".[3]

John u Susan kellhom sitt itfal: William Butler Yeats; Susan Mary "Lily" Yeats; Elizabeth Corbett "Lolly" Yeats; Robert Corbet Yeats; John "Jack" Butler Yeats; u Jane Grace Yeats. 

SorsiEdit

  • Douglas N. Archibald (1974), John Butler Yeats Bucknell University Press-Irish Writers Series.
  • Martyn Anglesea (2003), Yeats, John Butler in Brian Lalor (Ed.) The Encyclopedia of Ireland. Dublin: Gill & Macmillan. ISBN 0-7171-3000-2 .
  • Bruce Arnold (1977), Irish Art, a concise history. London: Thames and Hudson. ISBN 0-500-20148-X .
  • Robert Gordon (1978), John Butler Yeats and John Sloan the records of a friendship. The Dolmen Press New Yeats Papers XIV Dublin.
  • Declan J Foley (2009), editor, Letters of John Butler Yeats to his son Jack B. Yeats. Lilliput Press Dublin ISBN 978-1-84351-155-7.
  • Joseph Hone, editor (1944), J.B.Yeats Letters to his son W. B. Yeats and Others 1969-1922, Faber and Faber, 1 & 2 eds., republished Martin Secker and Waburg Ltd, (1983). Abridged and with an Introduction by John McGahern. (London): Faber, (1999).
  • Raymond Keaveney (2002), National Gallery of Ireland, Essential Guide. London: Scala. ISBN 1-85759-267-0 .
  • Janis Londraville, editor, (2003) Prodigal Father Revisited: Artists and writers in the World of John Butler Yeats, Locust Hill Press, includes papers from first John Butler Yeats Seminar, Chestertown 2001.
  • William M. Murphy (1978), Prodigal Father: The Life of John Butler Yeats, 1839–1922, published by Cornell University Press. Paperback 1979, and reprinted in paperback with some new material in 2001 by Syracuse University Press.
  • William M. Murphy (1995), Family Secrets: William Butler Yeats and His Relatives Syracuse University Press, 1995.
  • William M. Murphy (1971), The Yeats Family and the Pollexfens of Sligo (Dublin:Dolmen).
  • William M. Murphy; Fintan Cullen, eds.(1987), The Drawings of John Butler Yeats. (Albany, New York: Albany Institute of History and Art, and Union College, Departments of Art and English).
  • William M Murphy (1995), Family Secrets William Butler Yeats and His Relatives. Syracuse UP.
  • Robert Gordon (1978), John Butler Yeats and John Sloan: The Record of a Friendship. The Dolmen Press New Yeats Papers XIV Dublin.
  • Lennox Robinson, editor (1920), Further Letters of John Butler Yeats: Selected by Lennox Robinson, The Cuala Press, Churchtown, Dundrum, County Dublin.
  • Yeats John Butler (1918), Essays Irish and American, (with an appreciation by AE) Talbot Press Dublin/T Fisher Unwin London. Early Memories: Some Chapters of Autobiography (1923) The Cuala Press, Churchtown, Dundrum County Dublin.
  • Passages From The Letters of John Butler Yeats: Selected by Ezra Pound (1917). The Cuala Press Churchtown, Dundrum, County Dublin
  • James White (1972), John Butler Yeats and The Irish Renaissance with pictures from the collection of Michael Butler Yeats and from The National Gallery of Ireland. The Dolmen Press Dublin.

Ħoloq esterniEdit

ReferenziEdit

  1. ^ "Portrait of William Butler Yeats (1865-1939), Poet". onlinecollection.nationalgallery.ie (bl-Ingliż). Miġbur 2021-03-16.
  2. ^ O'Donnell and Archibald (1999), p. 424
  3. ^ The Geography of the Imagination: Forty Essays, Guy Davenport, p.327